Journal article

Elevated clozapine levels associated with infection: A systematic review

Scott R Clark, Nicola S Warren, Gajin Kim, David Jankowiak, Klaus Oliver Schubert, Steve Kisely, Tori Forrester, Bernhard T Baune, Dan J Siskind

SCHIZOPHRENIA RESEARCH | ELSEVIER | Published : 2018

Abstract

Clozapine is the most effective anti-psychotic medication for treatment refractory schizophrenia. A growing number of case reports have linked infection to high clozapine levels and associated adverse outcomes. We present a systematic review of published cases to clarify the relationship between infection and elevated clozapine levels. The case reports were located through PubMed and Embase. In addition, 8 new cases from two Australian states were included. Demographics, psychiatric diagnoses and medical morbidities, medications, clinical symptoms, clozapine levels, inflammatory markers and final clinical outcome were extracted. 40 cases were identified in 23 publications that demonstrated e..

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University of Melbourne Researchers