Journal article

Visual Snow: Visual Misperception

Owen B White, Meaghan Clough, Allison M McKendrick, Joanne Fielding

JOURNAL OF NEURO-OPHTHALMOLOGY | LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS | Published : 2018

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Visual snow (VS) is a constant visual disturbance described as flickering dots occupying the entire visual field. Recently, it was characterized as the defining feature of a VS syndrome (VSS), which includes palinopsia, photophobia, photopsias, entoptic phenomena, nyctalopia, and tinnitus. Sixty percent of patients with VSS also experience migraine, with or without aura. This entity often is considered psychogenic in nature, to the detriment of the patient's best interests, but the high frequency of similar visual symptoms argues for an organic deficit. The purpose of this review is to clarify VSS as a true entity and elaborate the nature of individual symptoms and their relation..

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