History and Current Status of Cardiac Anesthesia in Singapore
Priscilla HY Phoon, Graeme MacLaren, Lian Kah Ti, Josephine SK Tan, Nian Chih Hwang
JOURNAL OF CARDIOTHORACIC AND VASCULAR ANESTHESIA | W B SAUNDERS CO-ELSEVIER INC | Published : 2019
Singapore is a small Southeast Asian island city-state located at the tip of the Malay peninsula with a population of 5.61 million people. It was a former British colony that went on to become a part of Malaysia before gaining independence in 1965. Since then, Singapore has developed tremendously from a small fishing village into the region's medical hub. This article will explore the roots of cardiac anesthesia in Singapore and how it has developed into a subspecialty today.