Journal article

History and Current Status of Cardiac Anesthesia in Singapore

Priscilla HY Phoon, Graeme MacLaren, Lian Kah Ti, Josephine SK Tan, Nian Chih Hwang

Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia | W B SAUNDERS CO-ELSEVIER INC | Published : 2019


Singapore is a small Southeast Asian island city-state located at the tip of the Malay peninsula with a population of 5.61 million people. It was a former British colony that went on to become a part of Malaysia before gaining independence in 1965. Since then, Singapore has developed tremendously from a small fishing village into the region's medical hub. This article will explore the roots of cardiac anesthesia in Singapore and how it has developed into a subspecialty today.