Journal article

Aiming for the elimination of viral hepatitis in Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific Islands and Territories: Where are we now and barriers to meeting World Health Organization targets by 2030

Jess Howell, Alisa Pedrana, Benjamin C Cowie, Joseph Doyle, Aneley Getahun, James Ward, Ed Gane, Chris Cunningham, Jack Wallace, Alice Lee, Jioji Malani, Alex Thompson, Margaret E Hellard

JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY | WILEY | Published : 2019

Abstract

Viral hepatitis affects more than 320 million people globally, leading to significant morbidity and mortality due to liver failure and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). More than 248 million people (3.2% globally) are chronically infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV), and an estimated 80 million people (1.1% globally) are chronically infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV). In 2015, more than 700 000 deaths were directly attributable to HBV, and nearly 500 000 deaths were attributable to HCV infection; 2-5% of HBV-infected people develop HCC per annum irrespective of the presence of cirrhosis, whereas 1-5% HCV-infected people with advanced fibrosis develop HCC per annum. The rapidly escalating g..

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