Growing complexity of (expanded) carrier screening: Direct-to-consumer, physician-mediated, and clinic-based offers.
Davit Chokoshvili, Danya F Vears, Pascal Borry
Best Practice and Research: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology | Elsevier | Published : 2017
Since the introduction of out-of-hospital health-related genetic tests more than a decade ago, the landscape of genetic testing services has grown in complexity. Although initially most genetic tests for health purposes were offered as direct-to-consumer services, that is, without the mediation of a medical professional, currently many commercial providers require that their tests be ordered by a licensed physician. At the same time, some commercially developed health-related genetic tests are gaining support from the professional medical community and are finding their way into clinical practice. Therefore, we differentiated between three types of genetic testing offers: direct-to-consumer,..View full abstract