Book Chapter

Molecular pathways for lymphangiogenesis and their role in human disease

SA Stacker, RH Farnsworth, T Karnezis, R Shayan, DP Smith, K Paavonen, N Davydova, C Caesar, R Inder, ME Baldwin, BK McColl, S Roufail, RA Williams, RA Hughes, K Alitalo, MG Achen

Novartis Foundation symposium | Published : 2007


The lymphatic network functions to return fluid, cells and macromolecules to the circulation. Recent characterization of growth factors that control the growth and development of the lymphatics, and markers which specify lymphatic endothelial cells have enhanced our understanding of this system. Members of the VEGF family of factors are key regulators of these vessels with VEGF-C/VEGF-D and VEGFR-3 being the best validated signalling pathways in lymphangiogenesis. The study of these molecules in various pathologies has shown that they are important in the processes of cancer metastasis and in the formation of lymphoedema. Knowledge of these molecular pathways allows for the generation of mod..

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