Journal article

It's the interpretation, not the tests

J Hattie, Janet Clinton

Psychology of Education Review | British Psychological Society | Published : 2017


It is worth recalling that it has only been over the past 20 years that politicians have claimed to have some authority and legislative control over ‘outcomes’ of schooling. David Blunkett and Michael Barber were among the earliest UK politicians to switch the debate to outcomes in the UK (Tucker & Codding, 2005); and Bill Clinton in the US began the focus on accountability for effective student learning, standards based reforms, and creating national goals which specified outcomes (e.g. the high school graduation rate will increase to at least 90 per cent; all students will demonstrate competency over challenging subject matter, the US will be first in the world in math and science; McDonn..

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