Journal article

Parental loss in young convicts transported to Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania), 1841-53

Rebecca Kippen, Janet McCalman

HISTORY OF THE FAMILY | ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD | Published : 2018

Abstract

This paper examines the significance of parental loss for a sample of young convicts (aged under 25 years) transported from English and Irish ports to Tasmania in the mid-nineteenth century. These convicts experienced much higher levels of orphanhood than the general populations from which they were drawn, and women convicts were more likely than their male counterparts to have been orphaned, or to have lost at least one parent. The conclusion is that loss of family and household made orphans, and particularly girls, more vulnerable to crime as a survival strategy. We also find that the likelihood of parental loss varied by place of birth (male and female convicts), type of crime, occupation..

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Grants

Awarded by Australian Research Council


Funding Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Australian Research Council under grants DP0771033, DP110102368 and DP110102756.