Prevalence and causes of vision loss in South-east Asia and Oceania in 2015: magnitude, temporal trends and projections
Jill Elizabeth Keeffe, Robert J Casson, Konrad Pesudovs, Hugh R Taylor, Maria Vittoria Cicinelli, Aditi Das, Seth R Flaxman, Jost B Jonas, John H Kempen, Janet Leasher, Hans Limburg, Kovin Naidoo, Alexander J Silvester, Gretchen A Stevens, Nina Tahhan, Tien Yin Wong, Serge Resnikoff, Rupert RA Bourne
BRITISH JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY | BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2019
BACKGROUND: To assess prevalence and causes of vision impairment in South-east Asia and Oceania regions from 1990 to 2015 and to forecast the figures for 2020. METHODS: Based on a systematic review of medical literature, prevalence of blindness (presenting visual acuity (PVA) <3/60 in the better eye), moderate and severe vision impairment (MSVI; PVA <6/18 but ≥3/60), mild vision impairment (PVA N5 or N8 in the presence of normal vision) were estimated for 1990, 2010, 2015 and 2020. RESULTS: The age-standardised prevalence of blindness for all ages and both genders was higher in the Oceania region but lower for MSVI when comparing the subregions. The prevalence of near vision impairment in pe..View full abstract
This study was funded by the Brien Holden Vision Institute. The results in this paper are prepared independently of the final estimates of the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors study. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.