Journal article

China as the Leader of the Weak and Small: The Ruoxiao Nations and Guomindang Nationalism

Craig A Smith

Cross-Currents: East Asian History and Culture Review | Project Muse | Published : 2017


Frustrated with the “white imperialism” of the League of Nations and the “red imperialism” of the Third Communist International, a number of Chinese intellectuals began discussing possibilities for a third option during the interwar years. Turning away from liberalism and Marxism, they examined Sun Yat-sen’s Three Principles of the People and began working to promote his Principle of Nationalism as a concept that focused on the ruoxiao (weak and small nations) and could liberate people around the world that were suffering under imperialism. This discourse often centered on the possibility of creating a new form of “International,” the International of Nations, which would unite the oppressed..

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University of Melbourne Researchers

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