Journal article

Human Umbilical Cord Blood Therapy Protects Cerebral White Matter from Systemic LPS Exposure in Preterm Fetal Sheep

Madison CB Paton, Beth J Allison, Jingang Li, Michael C Fahey, Amy E Sutherland, Ilias Nitsos, Robert J Bischof, Justin M Dean, Timothy JM Moss, Graeme R Polglase, Graham Jenkin, Courtney A McDonald, Suzanne L Miller

DEVELOPMENTAL NEUROSCIENCE | KARGER | Published : 2018

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Infants born preterm following exposure to in utero inflammation/chorioamnionitis are at high risk of brain injury and life-long neurological deficits. In this study, we assessed the efficacy of early intervention umbilical cord blood (UCB) cell therapy in a large animal model of preterm brain inflammation and injury. We hypothesised that UCB treatment would be neuroprotective for the preterm brain following subclinical fetal inflammation. METHODS: Chronically instrumented fetal sheep at 0.65 gestation were administered lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 150 ng, 055:B5) intravenously over 3 consecutive days, followed by 100 million human UCB mononuclear cells 6 h after the final LPS dose. ..

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