Journal article

A systematic review of psychosocial explanations for the relationship between socioeconomic status and body mass index.

Maria Almudena Claassen, Olivier Klein, Boyka Bratanova, Nele Claes, Olivier Corneille

Appetite | Published : 2019


A negative association between socioeconomic status (SES) and levels of overweight/obesity is consistently found in high- and middle-income countries. Yet, there is little conclusive evidence about the mechanisms driving this association. In this systematic review, we discuss and compare the results of 22 studies that examine the role of psychosocial mediators in the association between SES and BMI in diverse population samples. These include factors related to resources and constraints in one's external neighborhood, social resources, and psychological factors such as stress. The findings support theoretical models indicating that SES is related to BMI partially through environmental and ps..

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