Journal article

The Centrality of Connectedness: A Conceptual Synthesis of Attending, Belonging, Engaging and Flowing

T Bowles, J Scull

Journal of Psychologists and Counsellors in Schools | Cambridge University Press | Published : 2019


© 2018 The Author(s). Over the past decade, researchers have called for a reconceptualisation of school connectedness. A review of literature between 1990 and 2016 was completed to define school connectedness and identified four factors: attending, belonging, engaging, and flow. The review of the published literature from 1990 to 2016 that related to the four factors was undertaken to define each of these terms and their relevance to school connectedness.Subsequently, based on the four factors, a sequential, four-level model of school connectedness was proposed. The model suggests a progression from minimal connection to a deep level of acculturation and shared meaning relevant for adolescen..

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