Journal article

Glimpse into Pathophysiology of Sellar Arachnoid Cysts.

Mendel D Castle-Kirszbaum, Brent Uren, James King, Yi Yuen Wang, Tony Goldschlager

World Neurosurg | Published : 2018

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Sellar arachnoid cysts are a rare occurrence but may impinge on vital parasellar anatomy and thus are often symptomatic. The etiology of sellar arachnoid cysts is contentious, fueled by heterogeneity in cyst wall structure and contents between cases. The "ball-valve" mechanism is 1 of 2 predominant theories describing their formation, which contends that an aperture in the diaphragm allows cerebrospinal fluid to enter the cyst, propelled by pulsatile flow, but its egress is obscured by the pituitary during the ebb of the pressure wave. CASE DESCRIPTION: Here we present a case of a 51-year-old female with a symptomatic sellar arachnoid cyst. She underwent an endoscopic transspheno..

View full abstract