Journal article

New evidence of megafaunal bone damage indicates late colonization of Madagascar

Atholl Anderson, Geoffrey Clark, Simon Haberle, Tom Higham, Malgosia Nowak-Kemp, Amy Prendergast, Chantal Radimilahy, Lucien M Rakotozafy, undefined Ramilisonina, Jean-Luc Schwenninger, Malika Virah-Sawmy, Aaron Camens

PLOS ONE | PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE | Published : 2018

Abstract

The estimated period in which human colonization of Madagascar began has expanded recently to 5000-1000 y B.P., six times its range in 1990, prompting revised thinking about early migration sources, routes, maritime capability and environmental changes. Cited evidence of colonization age includes anthropogenic palaeoecological data 2500-2000 y B.P., megafaunal butchery marks 4200-1900 y B.P. and OSL dating to 4400 y B.P. of the Lakaton'i Anja occupation site. Using large samples of newly-excavated bone from sites in which megafaunal butchery was earlier dated >2000 y B.P. we find no butchery marks until ~1200 y B.P., with associated sedimentary and palynological data of initial human impact ..

View full abstract

Grants

Awarded by Australian Research Council


Funding Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the Australian Research Council Discovery Project Grant DP0986991 to AA; http://www.arc.gov.au. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.