Journal article

Low-dose aspirin treatment enhances the adhesion of preeclamptic decidual mesenchymal stem/stromal cells and reduces their production of pro-inflammatory cytokines

Ramin Khanabdali, Aida Shakouri-Motlagh, Sarah Wilkinson, Padma Murthi, Harry M Georgiou, Shaun P Brennecke, Bill Kalionis

Journal of Molecular Medicine | SPRINGER HEIDELBERG | Published : 2018

Abstract

Preeclampsia (PE) is a hypertensive disorder of human pregnancy. Low-dose aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) (60-150 mg/day) is used to prevent PE when taken early in pregnancy. The effect of aspirin on term PE remains uncertain. Abnormal placentation is a hallmark of PE and leads to increased placental oxidative stress, which triggers the release of anti-angiogenic factors that cause local damage to the decidual vasculature. The damage subsequently spreads systemically and culminates in maternal clinical symptoms. Decidua basalis mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (DMSCs) reside in a vascular microenvironment. In PE, DMSCs are exposed to abnormally high levels of oxidative stress and circulating in..

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