Journal article

Evidence for the 'safety in density' effect for cyclists: validation of agent-based modelling results

Jason Hugh Thompson, Jasper S Wijnands, Suzanne Mavoa, Katherine Scully, Mark R Stevenson

INJURY PREVENTION | BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2019

Abstract

The safety in numbers (SiN) effect for cyclists is widely observed but remains poorly understood. Although most studies investigating the SiN phenomenon have focused on behavioural adaptation to 'numbers' of cyclists in the road network, previous work in simulated environments has suggested SiN may instead be driven by increases in local cyclist spatial density, which prevents drivers from attempting to move through groups of oncoming cyclists. This study therefore set out to validate the results of prior simulation studies in a real-world environment. Time-gap analysis of cyclists passing through an intersection was conducted using 5 hours of video observation of a single intersection in th..

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