Journal article

Update on incretin hormones

Liza K Phillips, Johannes B Prins

YEAR IN DIABETES AND OBESITY | BLACKWELL SCIENCE PUBL | Published : 2011

Abstract

The incretin hormones glucagon-like-peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) are released from the intestine following oral ingestion of nutrients. Incretins promote insulin secretion, while GLP-1 also inhibits glucagon release and gastric emptying, minimizing postprandial glucose excursions. The incretins share similar effects on the pancreatic β cell; however, there are a number of differences in extrapancreatic actions. Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is associated with abnormal incretin physiology, and although treatment with GIP is ineffective, GLP-1 effects are preserved. The current incretin-based approaches to T2DM include the GLP-1 agonists that are resistant ..

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University of Melbourne Researchers