Journal article

Clinical review: Adiponectin biology and its role in inflammation and critical illness

Katherine Robinson, John Prins, Bala Venkatesh

Critical Care (UK) | BMC | Published : 2011

Abstract

Adiponectin is an adipokine first described just over a decade ago. Produced almost exclusively by adipocytes, adiponectin circulates in high concentrations in human plasma. Research into this hormone has revealed it to have insulin-sensitizing, anti-inflammatory and cardioprotective roles. This review discusses the history, biology and physiological role of adiponectin and explores its role in disease, with specific focus on adiponectin in inflammation and sepsis. It appears that an inverse relationship exists between adiponectin and inflammatory cytokines. Low levels of adiponectin have been found in critically ill patients, although data are limited in human subjects at this stage. The ro..

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University of Melbourne Researchers