Journal article

The "Small World of Words" English word association norms for over 12,000 cue words

Simon De Deyne, Danielle J Navarro, Amy Perfors, Marc Brysbaert, Gert Storms

Behavior Research Methods | SPRINGER | Published : 2019


Word associations have been used widely in psychology, but the validity of their application strongly depends on the number of cues included in the study and the extent to which they probe all associations known by an individual. In this work, we address both issues by introducing a new English word association dataset. We describe the collection of word associations for over 12,000 cue words, currently the largest such English-language resource in the world. Our procedure allowed subjects to provide multiple responses for each cue, which permits us to measure weak associations. We evaluate the utility of the dataset in several different contexts, including lexical decision and semantic cate..

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Awarded by ARC

Funding Acknowledgements

This research was supported by ARC grant DE140101749 awarded to Simon De Deyne. Our gratitude goes to all volunteers without whom none of this would have been possible. Special thanks to researchers who supported this project, in particular ConCat, Emmanuel Keuleers, and Pawel Mandera for extra exposure, Max Louwerse for valuable discussion, James Deese and Douglas Nelson for continuous inspiration, and Jim Neely and Erin Buchanan for their helpful reviews. All comments can be sent to the first author.