Journal article

Parasternal intercostal muscle ultrasound in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease correlates with spirometric severity

Peter Wallbridge, Selina M Parry, Sourav Das, Candice Law, Gary Hammerschlag, Louis Irving, Mark Hew, Daniel Steinfort

Scientific Reports | NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2018

Abstract

In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), loss of computed tomography (CT)-measured intercostal mass correlates with spirometric severity. Intercostal muscle ultrasound offers a repeatable and radiation-free alternative, however requires validation. We aimed to determine the reliability of parasternal intercostal muscle ultrasound, and the concurrent validity of parasternal ultrasound with clinicometric parameters. Twenty stable COPD patients underwent ultrasound measurement of thickness and echogenicity of 2nd and 3rd parasternal intercostal muscles, dominant pectoralis major and quadriceps, and diaphragm thickness; spirometry; and chest CT. Intra-rater intraclass correlation (ICC) f..

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