Association between visual inspection of the cervix with acetic acid examination and high-risk human papillomavirus infection, Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Trichomonas vaginalis in Papua New Guinea
Andrew J Vallely, Pamela J Toliman, Claire Ryan, Glennis Rai, Johanna Wapling, Josephine Gabuzzi, Antonia Kumbia, Benny Kombuk, Zure Kombati, Lisa M Vallely, Angela Kelly-Hanku, Handan Wand, Sepehr N Tabrizi, Glen DL Mola, John M Kaldor
AUSTRALIAN & NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS & GYNAECOLOGY | WILEY | Published : 2018
BACKGROUND: Papua New Guinea (PNG) has among the highest estimated burdens of cervical cancer globally but currently has no national cervical screening program. Visual inspection of the cervix with acetic acid (VIA) is a low-cost screening strategy endorsed by the World Health Organization that has been adopted in many low-resource settings but not previously evaluated in PNG. AIM: To evaluate the association between VIA examination findings and high-risk HPV (hrHPV) infection; and the impact of concomitant genital Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Trichomonas vaginalis on the interpretation of VIA findings. METHODS: A prospective clinical cohort study among women aged 30-59 y..View full abstract
This work was funded by the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID).