Journal article

Vigabatrin with hormonal treatment versus hormonal treatment alone (ICISS) for infantile spasms: 18-month outcomes of an open-label, randomised controlled trial.

Finbar JK O'Callaghan, Stuart W Edwards, Fabienne Dietrich Alber, Mario Cortina Borja, Eleanor Hancock, Anthony L Johnson, Colin R Kennedy, Marcus Likeman, Andrew L Lux, Mark T Mackay, Andrew A Mallick, Richard W Newton, Melinda Nolan, Ronit Pressler, Dietz Rating, Bernhard Schmitt, Christopher M Verity, John P Osborne, undefined International Collaborative Infantile Spasms Study (ICISS) investigators

Lancet Child Adolesc Health | Published : 2018


BACKGROUND: Infantile spasms constitute a severe form of epileptic encephalopathy. In the International Collaborative Infantile Spasms Study (ICISS), we showed that combining vigabatrin with hormonal therapy was more effective than hormonal therapy alone at stopping spasms between days 14 and 42 of treatment. In this planned follow-up, we aimed to assess whether combination therapy was associated with improved developmental and epilepsy outcomes at 18 months of age. METHODS: In ICISS, a multicentre, open-label, randomised controlled trial, infants were enrolled from 102 hospitals (three in Australia, 11 in Germany, two in New Zealand, three in Switzerland, and 83 in the UK). Eligible infants..

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