Journal article

More than a 'speed gene': ACTN3 R577X genotype, trainability, muscle damage, and the risk for injuries.

Juan Del Coso, Danielle Hiam, Peter Houweling, Laura M Pérez, Nir Eynon, Alejandro Lucía

Eur J Appl Physiol | Published : 2019

Abstract

A common null polymorphism (rs1815739; R577X) in the gene that codes for α-actinin-3 (ACTN3) has been related to different aspects of exercise performance. Individuals who are homozygous for the X allele are unable to express the α-actinin-3 protein in the muscle as opposed to those with the RX or RR genotype. α-actinin-3 deficiency in the muscle does not result in any disease. However, the different ACTN3 genotypes can modify the functioning of skeletal muscle during exercise through structural, metabolic or signaling changes, as shown in both humans and in the mouse model. Specifically, the ACTN3 RR genotype might favor the ability to generate powerful and forceful muscle contractions. Lea..

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