Journal article

Incarceration history and risk of HIV and hepatitis C virus acquisition among people who inject drugs: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Jack Stone, Hannah Fraser, Aaron G Lim, Josephine G Walker, Zoe Ward, Louis MacGregor, Adam Trickey, Sam Abbott, Steffanie A Strathdee, Daniela Abramovitz, Lisa Maher, Jenny Iversen, Julie Bruneau, Geng Zang, Richard S Garfein, Yung-Fen Yen, Tasnim Azim, Shruti H Mehta, Michael-John Milloy, Margaret E Hellard Show all



BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWID) experience a high prevalence of incarceration and might be at high risk of HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection during or after incarceration. We aimed to assess whether incarceration history elevates HIV or HCV acquisition risk among PWID. METHODS: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched MEDLINE, Embase, and PsycINFO databases for studies in any language published from Jan 1, 2000 until June 13, 2017 assessing HIV or HCV incidence among PWID. We included studies that measured HIV or HCV incidence among community-recruited PWID. We included only studies reporting original results and excluded studies that evaluated incident inf..

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