Journal article

When Can Women Close the Gap? A Meta-Analytic Test of Sex Differences in Performance and Rewards

Aparna Joshi, Jooyeon Son, Hyuntak Roh

Academy of Management Journal | Academy of Management | Published : 2015

Abstract

Drawing on macro and micro domains in gender research, we meta-analytically test whether occupation-, industry-, and job-level factors mitigate or exacerbate differences in performance evaluations (k = 93; n = 95,882) and rewards (k = 97; n = 378,850) between men and women. Based on studies conducted across a variety of work settings and spanning nearly 30 years, we found that the sex differences in rewards (d = .56) (including salary, bonuses, and promotions) were 14 times larger than sex differences in performance evaluations (d = .04), and that differences in performance evaluations did not explain reward differences between men and women. The percentage of men in an occupation and the co..

View full abstract

University of Melbourne Researchers

Citation metrics