Journal article

When Can Women Close the Gap? A Meta-Analytic Test of Sex Differences in Performance and Rewards

Aparna Joshi, Jooyeon Son, Hyuntak Roh

Academy of Management Journal | Academy of Management | Published : 2015


Drawing on macro and micro domains in gender research, we meta-analytically test whether occupation-, industry-, and job-level factors mitigate or exacerbate differences in performance evaluations (k = 93; n = 95,882) and rewards (k = 97; n = 378,850) between men and women. Based on studies conducted across a variety of work settings and spanning nearly 30 years, we found that the sex differences in rewards (d = .56) (including salary, bonuses, and promotions) were 14 times larger than sex differences in performance evaluations (d = .04), and that differences in performance evaluations did not explain reward differences between men and women. The percentage of men in an occupation and the co..

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University of Melbourne Researchers

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