Cancers of the anal canal: diagnosis, treatment and future strategies.
Emma Bown, Vikas Shah, Thiagarajan Sridhar, Kirsten Boyle, David Hemingway, Justin M Yeung
Future Oncology | Published : 2014
Anal cancer is an uncommon cancer; however, it is rising in incidence. There is confusion regarding nomenclature and the distinction between anal canal cancer and anal margin cancer. This article discusses the modern definition, etiology and staging of anal canal and anal margin cancers. Modern chemotherapy and radiotherapy regimens are discussed, in addition to modern imaging and radiotherapy techniques. Future preventative strategies and potential novel treatments are discussed.