Journal article

Bidirectional associations between diet and body composition measures from 2 to 15 years: Longitudinal Study of Australian Children

Constantine E Gasser, Fiona K Mensah, Susan A Clifford, Jessica A Kerr, Raisa Cassim, Melissa Wake



This study investigates how dietary patterns and scores are associated with subsequent BMI and waist:height ratio (WHtR), and how BMI and WHtR are associated with subsequent dietary patterns or scores, from 2-3 to 10-11 and 4-5 to 14-15 years of age. In the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children, height, weight and waist circumference were measured biennially in children, yielding BMI z-score and WHtR. Parents, latterly children, reported frequency of child consumption of 12-16 food/drink items during the previous 24 h. At each wave, we empirically derived dietary patterns using factor analyses, and dietary scores based on the 2013 Australian Dietary Guidelines. We used structural-equatio..

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Awarded by Australian National Health and Medical Research Council

Funding Acknowledgements

The authors of this work were supported by the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (F. K. M., Career Development Fellowship 1111160), (R. C., Postgraduate Scholarship 1133054), (M. W., Senior Research Fellowship 1046518); an Australian Government Research Training Program Scholarship (C. E. G.); and a Murdoch Children's Research Institute PhD Top Up Scholarship (C. E. G.). Research at the Murdoch Children's Research Institute is supported by the Victorian Government's Operational Infrastructure Support Program. The Australian National Health and Medical Research Council, Australian Government, Murdoch Children's Research Institute and the Victorian Government had no role in the design, analysis or writing of this article. The LSAC is funded by the Commonwealth Government of Australia.