Journal article

Childcare Use and Its Role in Indigenous Child Development: Evidence from the Longitudinal Study of Indigenous Children in Australia

F Azpitarte, Abraham Chigavazira, G Kalb, BM Farrant, F Perales, SR Zubrick

The Economic Record | Wiley | Published : 2019


We investigate patterns of childcare use and its influence on the cognitive development of Indigenous children. The influence of childcare on Indigenous children's cognitive outcomes is less well understood than for non-Indigenous children due to a lack of appropriate data. We focus on a cohort of Indigenous children in Australia who have been followed from infancy and for whom rich information on childcare use and cognitive outcomes is observed. Compared to Indigenous children who never participated in childcare, Indigenous children who participated in childcare performed better on several early cognitive outcomes. Using regression and propensity score matching, we show that this difference..

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Awarded by Australian Research Council

Funding Acknowledgements

This paper uses unit record data from the Longitudinal Study of Indigenous Children (LSIC). LSIC was initiated and is funded and managed by the Australian Government Department of Social Services (DSS). The findings and views reported in this paper, however, are those of the authors and should not be attributed to DSS or the Indigenous people and their communities involved in the study. This research was supported by the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Children and Families over the Life Course (CE140100027). The Life Course Centre (LCC) is administered by the Institute for Social Science Research at The University of Queensland, with nodes at The University of Western Australia, The University of Melbourne and The University of Sydney. Stephen Zubrick is a Chief Investigator, Guyonne Kalb is an Associate Investigator, Francisco Perales is a Research Fellow, and Francisco Azpitarte and Brad Farrant are Fellows of the LCC. Brad Farrant is funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council (1098844). Francisco also acknowledges financial support from the Spanish State Research Agency and the European Regional Development Fund (ECO2016‐76506‐C4‐2‐R).