Journal article

2 KINDS OF IDENTITY CRISIS

RF BAUMEISTER, JP SHAPIRO, DM TICE

JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY | DUKE UNIV PRESS | Published : 1985

Abstract

In order to outline a model of identity crisis, it is necessary to distinguish two types. In an identity deficit ("motivation crisis"), the individual experiences a lack of guiding commitments but struggles to establish personal goals and values. In an identity conflict ("legitimation crisis"), the person has several commitments which prescribe conflicting behavioral imperatives in some situations, such that at least one commitment may have to be betrayed. The literature on identity crisis is reviewed in connection with this distinction, and an attempt is made to delineate the causes, the subjective experiences, behavioral consequences, and modes of resolution of each type of crisis.