Journal article

SELF-ESTEEM AND RESPONSES TO SUCCESS AND FAILURE - SUBSEQUENT PERFORMANCE AND INTRINSIC MOTIVATION

RF BAUMEISTER, DM TICE

JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY | DUKE UNIV PRESS | Published : 1985

Abstract

A model is proposed in which the goal of people with high self‐esteem is to cultivate personal strengths in order to excel, whereas the goal of people with low self‐esteem is to remedy personal deficiencies in order to become adequate In two experiments, subjects received initial outcome feedback of either success, humiliating failure (internal attribution), or failure that allowed face‐saving (external attribution) Experiment 1 then measured subjects intrinsic motivation to pursue the task during free‐choice time Subjects with high self‐esteem had the highest intrinsic motivation after success Subjects with low self‐esteem had the highest intrinsic motivation after the humiliating failure E..

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