Journal article

Role of Self-Control Strength in the Relation Between Anxiety and Cognitive Performance

Alex Bertrams, Chris Englert, Oliver Dickhaeuser, Roy F Baumeister

EMOTION | AMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC | Published : 2013

Abstract

In the present work, we examine the role of self-control resources within the relationship between anxiety and cognitive test performance. We argue that self-control is required for keeping attention away from anxiety-related worries, which would otherwise distract a person from performing on the test. In Study 1 (N = 67) and Study 2 (N = 96), we found that state anxiety was negatively related to performance of verbal learning and mental arithmetic if participants' self-control resources were depleted, but it was unrelated if participants' self-control was intact. In Study 3 (N = 99), the worry component of trait test anxiety was more strongly related to perceived distraction by worries whil..

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