Journal article

COMMITTED BUT CLOSED-MINDED: WHEN MAKING A SPECIFIC PLAN FOR A GOAL HINDERS SUCCESS

EJ Masicampo, Roy F Baumeister

SOCIAL COGNITION | GUILFORD PUBLICATIONS INC | Published : 2012

Abstract

Much work has shown that planning facilitates goal attainment. The present work demonstrates that while plans generally make people more likely to act on a goal, they may sometimes lead to failure rather than to success, particularly when recognizing and seizing an alternative opportunity is essential for achieving the goal. Participants were assigned a goal in the lab, with sufficient or insufficient time and with a specific plan or broad intention to attain it. With sufficient (unlimited) time, a specific plan increased attainment, thus replicating the usual benefit of planning. Within the insufficient time condition, however, the specific plan impaired performance, because participants fa..

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