Journal article

Effect of the Ginkgo biloba extract, EGb 761, on memory formation in day-old chicks

NS Rickard, N Kowadlo, ME Gibbs

PHARMACOLOGY BIOCHEMISTRY AND BEHAVIOR | PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD | Published : 2001

Abstract

Previous studies indicate that the Ginkgo biloba extract, EGb 761, has a facilitative effect on deficient memory. The temporal parameters of this effect, however, have not been clearly defined or distinguished from the effect on normal memory. The aim in the current study was to investigate the effects of EGb 761 on memory using a well-controlled animal model. Day-old chicks were trained on either a weakly or strongly reinforced version of a passive avoidance task. Long-term memory formation of the weakly reinforced version of the task was improved significantly by EGb 761 (3 mg/ml) when administered between 10 and 30 min after training. However, the same dose of EGb 761 impaired retention w..

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