Journal article

Computational methods to model complex systems in sports injury research: Agent-based modelling (ABM) and systems dynamics (SD) modelling

A Hulme, S McLean, PM Salmon, J Thompson, BR Lane, RO Nielsen

British Journal of Sports Medicine | BMJ Publishing Group | Published : 2018

Abstract

The safety in numbers (SiN) effect for cyclists is widely observed but remains poorly understood. Although most studies investigating the SiN phenomenon have focused on behavioural adaptation to ‘numbers’ of cyclists in the road network, previous work in simulated environments has suggested SiN may instead be driven by increases in local cyclist spatial density, which prevents drivers from attempting to move through groups of oncoming cyclists. This study therefore set out to validate the results of prior simulation studies in a real-world environment. Time-gap analysis of cyclists passing through an intersection was conducted using five hours of video-observation of a single intersection in..

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