Book Chapter

Using item response theory as a tool in educational measurement

M Wu

Self-Directed Learning Oriented Assessments in the Asia-Pacific | Published : 2013

Abstract

Item response theory (IRT) and classical test theory (CTT) are invaluable tools for the construction of assessment instruments and the measurement of student proficiencies in educational settings. However, the advantages of IRT over CTT are not always clear. This chapter uses an example item analysis to contrast IRT and CTT. It is hoped that the readers can gain a deeper understanding of IRT through comparisons of similarities and differences between IRT and CTT statistics. In particular, this chapter discusses item properties such as the difficulty and discrimination power of items, as well as person ability measures contrasting the weighted likelihood estimates and plausible values in non-..

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