De novo or early conversion to everolimus and long-term cancer outcomes in kidney transplant recipients: A trial-based linkage study.
Tracey Ying, Germaine Wong, Wai Lim, John Kanellis, Helen Pilmore, Scott Campbell, Rosemary Masterson, Rowan Walker, Philip O'Connell, Graeme Russ, Steven Chadban
Am J Transplant | Published : 2018
Choice of immunosuppression may modify the risk of cancer after kidney transplantation, however, long-term data are lacking. Using the Australian and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry, we compared the 9-year risk of incident cancer, non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC), and death attributed to cancer among participants from Australia and New Zealand in four randomized-controlled trials which compared de novo or early switch to an everolimus-containing regimen with calcineurin-inhibitor-based triple therapy. An adjusted Cox-model with random effects was used to determine such risks. Two hundred seventy-nine patients (192 everolimus, 87 control) were followed for a median of 9 years (IQR..View full abstract