Cardiovascular and mortality events in type 2 diabetes cardiovascular outcomes trials: a systematic review with trend analysis.
Lorenzo M Vetrone, Francesco Zaccardi, David R Webb, Sam Seidu, Nitin N Gholap, Dario Pitocco, Melanie J Davies, Kamlesh Khunti
Acta Diabetol | Published : 2019
AIMS: To investigate cardiovascular disease and mortality trends in control arm participants of diabetes cardiovascular outcome trials (CVOTs). METHODS: We electronically searched CVOTs published before October 2017. Data on all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality and events, and baseline characteristics were collected, along with study calendar years. Trends were estimated using negative binomial regressions and reported as rate ratio (RR) per 5-year intervals. RESULTS: 26 CVOTs, conducted from 1961 to 2015, included 86788 participants with 6543 all-cause deaths, 3265 cardiovascular deaths, and 7657 3-point major adverse cardiovascular events (3-P MACE; combined endpoint of cardiovasc..View full abstract