Journal article

Brain swelling is independent of peripheral plasma cytokine levels in Malawian children with cerebral malaria

Visopo Harawa, Madi Njie, Anne Kessler, Augustine Choko, Benjamin Kumwenda, Sam Kampondeni, Michael Potchen, Kami Kim, Anthony Jaworowski, Terrie Taylor, Wilson Mandala, Karl Seydel, Stephen Rogerson

MALARIA JOURNAL | BMC | Published : 2018

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cerebral malaria (CM) is often fatal, and severe brain swelling is a predictor of CM-related mortality. CM is characterized by elevated circulating pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF and IFN-γ and anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10, however whether cytokine levels correlate with brain swelling severity is unknown. This study therefore was conducted to investigate the relationship between cytokine levels and brain swelling severity in children presenting with CM. METHODS: A total of 195 Malawian children presenting with CM were recruited and had the concentrations of plasma cytokines determined and compared to brain swelling severity, determined by MRI examination, and graded as severe,..

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University of Melbourne Researchers