Noninvasive Approaches to Prenatal Diagnosis: Historical Perspective and Future Directions.
Methods in Molecular Biology | Published : 2019
The field of prenatal screening and diagnosis has undergone enormous progress over the past four decades. Most of this period has been characterized by gradual improvements in the technical and public health aspects of prenatal screening for Down syndrome. Compared to the direct analysis of fetal cells from amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling, noninvasive approaches using maternal blood or ultrasound have the great advantage of posing no risk of miscarriage to the pregnancy. Recent advances in molecular genetics and DNA sequencing have revolutionized both the accuracy and the range of noninvasive testing for genetic abnormalities using cell-free DNA in maternal plasma. Many of these a..View full abstract