Journal article

Female Labour Force Participation in Indonesia: Why Has It Stalled?

L Cameron, Diana Contreras Suarez, William Rowell

Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies | Taylor & Francis (Routledge) | Published : 2019


This paper examines the drivers of female labour force participation in Indonesia and disentangles the factors that have contributed to it remaining largely unchanged for two decades at around 51%. Data from the National Socioeconomic Survey (Susenas) and the Village Potential Statistics (Podes) over the period 1996 to 2013 are used to implement a cohort analysis which separates out life-cycle effects from changes over time in women’s labour market participation. We find that the raw labour market participation figures which show little change over time mask changes that offset one another in the current population. There is evidence of social norms changing to support women’s participation ..

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Funding Acknowledgements

An earlier version of this paper was funded by the Australian government's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade through the Australia Indonesia Partnership for Economic Governance (AIPEG). The views expressed in this paper are the authors' and are not necessarily the views of the Australian government, AIPEG, or other partner organisations.