Journal article

Probing BAK and BAX Activation and Pore Assembly with Cytochrome c Release, Limited Proteolysis, and Oxidant-Induced Linkage.

Sweta Iyer, Rachel T Uren, Ruth M Kluck

Methods Mol Biol | Published : 2019

Abstract

Mitochondrial permeabilization is a key event in the intrinsic pathway of apoptosis, and is mediated by either of the BCL-2 family members BAK or BAX. These two proteins generate pores in the mitochondrial outer membrane that release factors such as cytochrome c into the cytosol to trigger caspase activation and apoptotic cell death. To generate pores, BAK and BAX undergo major changes including BAX translocation to the outer membrane, and partial unfolding, dimerization, and oligomerization. Here we describe biochemical protocols that can be used on most cell types to gain a population overview of BAK and BAX status.