Journal article

Increasing proportion of herpes simplex virus type 1 among women and men diagnosed with first-episode anogenital herpes: a retrospective observational study over 14 years in Melbourne, Australia

Duygu Durukan, Christopher K Fairley, Catriona S Bradshaw, Tim RH Read, Julian Druce, Michael Catton, Leon Caly, Eric PF Chow

Sexually Transmitted Infections | BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP | Published : 2019

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Reports of rising herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) genital infections relative to HSV-2 have been published up to 2006 in Australia. These changes have been attributed to declining childhood immunity to HSV-1. We described the temporal trends of HSV-1 and HSV-2 up to 2017 in Melbourne, Australia, to determine if the earlier trend is continuing. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of the medical records of 4517 patients who were diagnosed with first episode of anogenital HSV infection at the Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Australia, between January 2004 and December 2017. HSV-1 and HSV-2 were calculated as a proportion of all first episode of anogenital HSV infections..

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