Journal article

Classical Type 1 Dendritic Cells Dominate Priming of Th1 Responses to Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1 Skin Infection

Christopher M Harpur, Yu Kato, Shinta T Dewi, Sanda Stankovic, Darryl N Johnson, Sammy Bedoui, Paul G Whitney, Mireille H Lahoud, Irina Caminschi, William R Heath, Andrew G Brooks, Thomas Gebhardt

JOURNAL OF IMMUNOLOGY | AMER ASSOC IMMUNOLOGISTS | Published : 2019

Abstract

CD4+ T cell responses are crucial for the control of many intracellular pathogens, yet the requirements for their induction are not fully understood. To better understand the role that various dendritic cell (DC) subtypes play in CD4+ T cell priming, we compared in vivo T cell responses to skin inoculation of mice with infectious or UV-inactivated HSV type 1. Localized infection elicited a Th1 response that was primed in skin-draining lymph nodes involving Ag presentation by migratory dermal and lymph node-resident DC. However, expansion and Th1 differentiation was impaired in response to UV-inactivated virus (UV-HSV), and this defect correlated with a restriction of Ag presentation to migra..

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