Journal article

Costless and Costly Prosociality: Correspondence Among Personality Traits, Economic Preferences, and Real-World Prosociality

Eamonn Ferguson, Kun Zhao, Ronan E O'Carroll, Luke D Smillie

SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PERSONALITY SCIENCE | SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC | Published : 2019

Abstract

Prosociality can either be costly (e.g., donating to charity) or costless (e.g., posthumous organ donation). Whereas links between personality and costly prosociality have been explored, links with costless prosociality and personality are at present unknown. We address this in two studies: Study 1 (N = 200) confirms the distinction between costless and costly prosociality based on willingness to engage with health and nonhealth prosociality. Study 2, using data from four samples (student and community; N = 733) shows, across incentivized and hypothetical economic games to assess costless (generosity game [GG]) and costly (dictator game [DG]) prosociality, that organ donor behavior was linke..

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Funding Acknowledgements

The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: Preparation of this manuscript was supported by funding from the Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences, the University of Melbourne and the School of Psychology, University of Nottingham. Kun Zhao was supported by an Australian Postgraduate Award and an Endeavour Research Fellowship.