Journal article

The epidemiology of melioidosis in the Balimo region of Papua New Guinea

JM Warner, DB Pelowa, D Gal, G Rai, M Mayo, BJ Currie, B Govan, LF Skerratt, RG Hirst

EPIDEMIOLOGY AND INFECTION | CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS | Published : 2008

Abstract

The distribution of Burkholderia pseudomallei was determined in soil collected from a rural district in Papua New Guinea (PNG) where melioidosis had recently been described, predominately affecting children. In 274 samples, 2.6% tested culture-positive for B. pseudomallei. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis using SpeI digests and rapid polymorphic DNA PCR with five primers demonstrated a single clone amongst clinical isolates and isolates cultured from the environment that was commonly used by children from whom the clinical isolates were derived. We concluded that individuals in this region most probably acquired the organism through close contact with the environment at these sites. Burkhold..

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University of Melbourne Researchers