Journal article

Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife: a critical perspective

Daniel M Tompkins, Scott Carver, Menna E Jones, Martin Krkosek, Lee F Skerratt



We review the literature to distinguish reports of vertebrate wildlife disease emergence with sufficient evidence, enabling a robust assessment of emergence drivers. For potentially emerging agents that cannot be confirmed, sufficient data on prior absence (or a prior difference in disease dynamics) are frequently lacking. Improved surveillance, particularly for neglected host taxa, geographical regions and infectious agents, would enable more effective management should emergence occur. Exposure to domestic sources of infection and human-assisted exposure to wild sources were identified as the two main drivers of emergence across host taxa; the domestic source was primary for fish while the..

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University of Melbourne Researchers


Awarded by US NSF-NIH Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases grant

Awarded by Australian Research Council

Awarded by Direct For Biological Sciences; Division Of Environmental Biology

Awarded by Division Of Environmental Biology; Direct For Biological Sciences

Funding Acknowledgements

This review was inspired by the 'Management of Wildlife Diseases - Shifting the Paradigm' symposium at the 25th International Congress for Conservation Biology (ICCB). Funding was provided by the New Zealand Ministry for Business, Innovation, and Employment to D.M.T., a US NSF-NIH Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases grant (EF1413925) to S.C., Australian Research Council grant DP110103069 and a US NSF-NIH Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases grant to M.E.J., a Discovery Grant from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada to M.K., and Australian Research Council grants LP110200240 and DP120100811 to L.F.S.