Journal article

White blood cell profiles in amphibians help to explain disease susceptibility following temperature shifts

Sasha E Greenspan, Deborah S Bower, Rebecca J Webb, Lee Berger, Donna Rudd, Lin Schwarzkopf, Ross A Alford

DEVELOPMENTAL AND COMPARATIVE IMMUNOLOGY | ELSEVIER SCI LTD | Published : 2017

Abstract

Temperature variability, and in particular temperature decreases, can increase susceptibility of amphibians to infections by the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd). However, the effects of temperature shifts on the immune systems of Bd-infected amphibians are unresolved. We acclimated frogs to 16 °C and 26 °C (baseline), simultaneously transferred them to an intermediate temperature (21 °C) and inoculated them with Bd (treatment), and tracked their infection levels and white blood cell profiles over six weeks. Average weekly infection loads were consistently higher in 26°C-history frogs, a group that experienced a 5 °C temperature decrease, than in 16°C-history frogs, a group that ex..

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University of Melbourne Researchers