Journal article

Meta-analysis of risk factors for racehorse catastrophic musculoskeletal injury in flat racing

PL Hitchens, AV Morrice-West, MA Stevenson, RC Whitton

VETERINARY JOURNAL | ELSEVIER SCI LTD | Published : 2019

Abstract

Studies of racehorse injury or fatality in various countries have identified common, and in some cases conflicting, risk factors. We conducted a systematic search of the relevant literature published from 1990 to 2017. Peer-reviewed articles were included if they reported the incidence of fatal or catastrophic musculoskeletal injury (CMI) in Thoroughbred flat races (n=21) or risk factors for CMI (n=65). Pooled effect sizes were estimated using the random-effects DerSimonian-Laird model. The pooled incidence of CMI was 1.17 (95% confidence interval 0.90, 1.44) per 1000 race starts. Almost 300 factors have been investigated in epidemiological studies for potential associations with CMI. Factor..

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