Evolution of thyroid hormone distributor proteins
Thomas R McLean, Michelle M Rank, Peter M Smooker, Samantha J Richardson
MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR ENDOCRINOLOGY | ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD | Published : 2017
Thyroid hormones (THs) are evolutionarily old hormones, having effects on metabolism in bacteria, invertebrates and vertebrates. THs bind specific distributor proteins (THDPs) to ensure their efficient distribution through the blood and cerebrospinal fluid in vertebrates. Albumin is a THDP in the blood of all studied species of vertebrates, so may be the original vertebrate THDP. However, albumin has weak affinity for THs. Transthyretin (TTR) has been identified in the blood across different lineages in adults vs juveniles. TTR has intermediate affinity for THs. Thyroxine-binding globulin has only been identified in mammals and has high affinity for THs. Of these THDPs, TTR is the only one k..View full abstract
TRMcL was supported by a RMIT University PhD scholarship.